In a recent “Mann Ki Baat” address, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed that every government should focus on quality learning and outcomes rather than the school enrolment.
As many as 62% of children in India attended a government primary school in 2014, compared to 72.6% in 2007-08 – indicating a surging preference for private schools, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of data in a recent survey on education released by the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO).
At the upper primary level, the percentage of students in government schools reduced from 69.9% in 2007-08 to 66% in 2014.
Despite spending Rs.586,085 crore ($94 billion) over the last decade on primary education, India has been unable to arrest the decline in learning, IndiaSpend reported.
Till Class XII, students prefer private institutions over government, with 58.7% citing “better environment for learning” as the major factor for studying in private schools at the primary level.
However, when it came to graduation, post-graduation and diploma studies, many enrolled in private institutions because they did not get admission to a government institution.
For instance, 43% of respondents pursuing a diploma cited inability to get admission in a government institution as the reason to enroll in a private institution, while the same number was 27.5% for students pursuing graduation degrees and above.